An Incomplete Listing of White Squirrel Sightings Received
From the Entire Range of the Eastern Gray Squirrel
Sciurus carolinensis.

No attempt has been made to verify these reports.  Many additional sightings arrived at times when  I was "slammed" with email or was otherwise pre-occupied and did not make it onto this list.  I apologize for such exclusions.  Please feel free to re-submit your sighting.  Also, please let me know if you are willing to be a contact for your area and/or have your email address linked to your name.  I think these tables demonstrate that while the probability of a white squirrel appearing at any given location at any give time is low, over long periods of time white squirrels, particulary of the leucistic variety (see below), occur throughout the range of the Eastern Gray Squirrel.
Thanks for your interest and cooperation, Bob Glesener

There are five tables on this page, the first three of which apply to the Eastern Gray Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis.  The first table lists colonies of squirrels with a persistent white coat variant as defined below (1) but with pigmentation in either the eyes or localized patches of fur (e.g., head patch, dorsal stripe, paws, nails, etc.).  The second table lists colonies with a presumed persistent albino variant with no known melanin production; thus, the coat is completely white and eyes are either pink or blue.  The third table lists isolated sighting of white squirrels of all varieties.  Most of these have all white coats but dark eyes (leucism).  They probably arise sporadically by mutation only to disappear until another sporadic variant appears, i.e., the allele is not persistent in the population.  The fourth and fifth tables list sightings that are believed to be of Fox and Red Squirrels, respectively.  These latter two tables are much less complete.  Although the order in the tables may appear somewhat random, my intent was to begin with sightings close to home, i.e., Brevard NC in western North Carolina, and then proceed to list sightings in a counter-clockwise procession.

           1  I am using a rather "liberal" definition of a colony.  Dr. John Stencel of Olney Illinois restricts the use of "colony" to those locations in which at least 20 squirrels (in absolute numbers) are regularly observed to be white variants.  Here I list all those communities in which white variants are repeatedly or regularly observed without any attempt to set limits since those populations are probably harboring a permanent reservoir of the white-predisposing gene(s).

Colonies1 with Stable White Color Variant (with localized pigmentation)
      *  If Location is hypertexted click on it for photo.

Location*
Contact/Source
Comment
Brevard NC 
White Squirrel
Research Institute
~25% of the Eastern Gray Squirrel population in this area have a mostly white coat but with dark eyes and a pigmented head patch and dorsal stripe.  In a three square mile study area centered about downtown Brevard there are approximately 1000 of these white variants.  Squirrels with a similar pattern are found over a 30 mile radius centered on Brevard where they are thought to have been released in 1951 (after being captured in Florida in the late 1940's and held in captivity until their release).
Walkertown NC   Same markings as above.  Supposedly former Brevard NC residents who relocated to Walkertown (north of Winston-Salem) missed their white squirrels from home, and returned to Brevard to capture some which they released in Walkertown.  This allegedly happened in the mid-1990's.
Denver NC R. B. Black
(6 February 2005)
Solid white with dark eyes.  Has seen daily since 1989.  Not uncommon to see 4-5 at a time within a % mile areas surrounding Lake Norman (south of Denver)
Central Florida
including Brevard,
Osceola, Polk Counties 
Back to Nature, Inc
Low % but widely distributed. 
Dark eyes, head patch and dorsal stripe
Sawdust  FL 
Sopchoppy  FL
Mike Jones 
Tallahassee Museum of 
History and Science
Population of several dozen with patch and 
dorsal stripe maintained in native zoo in Tallahassee. 
Derived from Sawdust FL ~20miles to West. 
Similar variant found near Sopchoppy ~40 miles 
SW of Tallahassee.
Crawfordville Fl Second hand report East of Apalachicola National Forest not far from Sopchoppy colony mentioned above.
Sighted on 5th fairway of Wildwood Country Club.
Panacea FL Trish Davenport At least four.  Observed dorsal stripe on one.
On Gulf coast about 30 miles from Sopchoppy so could be on margins of that large colony.
Northern Keys, FL
Karen Dettmann 
Small # of mostly all white(some pinto)
with dark eyes from Key Largo
Charlotte NC
Tracy S. Sherrill
In addition to mostly white with dark eyes there are squirrels with varying degrees of gray patches 
which appear to change with time 
Yonges Island SC*
 Mimi Jones 
Rural Island S of Charleston.  Several residents
have ties to Brevard NC area.  Possible transplant. 
Dark eyes but nohead patch or dorsal stripe.
10 miles from
Moncks Corner SC
~25 miles NW of Charleston

Bob Knabe (11 August 2009)

Dark eyes, head patch, and dorsal stripe, i.e,. characteristic of the Brevard white squirrel and its ancestors and descendants.  Also, very abundant, another apparent characteristic of this variety of squirrel.
http://alltoolssupplyinc.com/misc/squirrel/squirrel.html

Also, see isolated sightings from areas surrounding Charleston

Columbia MS 
John Stencel2
Olney Central College
Olney IL 62450
 
Exeter Ontario
Marianne Benson
 Check out:  http://www.whitesquirrels.ca/

Traverse City MI

Liz Gillisse

Photos by Larry Foust

Brighton MI Gretchen Solia (15 September 2007) Fur yellow-white.  Dark eyes.  Persistent over 15 years.
Minneapolis MN Jonathan Sarge
(22 September 2004)
Found in low frequency over a wide area
Dayton OH

Robert J. Lynskey

(6 November 2009)

Reports that in 1980's Robert H. Patterson bred white squirrels in cages in backyard.  After his death, his wife released them.
Bowling Green KY
 Michael Stokes
Biology Department
Western Kentucky Univ.
~6-10 on WKU campus plus
~10 more in town. 
White with dark eyes.

Covington TN

Jan Palubicki

 
Terre du Lac MO
Nancy Dontrich
 
Troy NY 
Jameel Akari & Mark Kahn
www.rpi.edu/web/albino-squirrel
All white with dark eyes observed sporatically
including on Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute campus
Short Pump VA 
1) Andrea Carper
2) Monica L. Wilson
Just W of Richmond VA
1. Dark eyes.  Faint shoulder patch on at least one.
2.) Dark eyes but no other pigmentation

      2 Stencel, John E., Lynette Stencel Lamp, and Denise Stencel Gottfried. The Olney Albino Gray Squirrel: Research in the Community. Unpublished Manuscript.  Also see: Weekes, Bill. 1995. White Water, White Fur. The State: Down Home in North Carolina.  Volume 62, No. 11(April): 24-28. .
 

Albino Colonies
*  If Location is hypertexted click on it for photo.

Location*
Contact/Source
Comment
Olney IL ** 
John Stencel** 
Olney Central College 
Down from 25.2% in 1983 to 17.9%in 1993
(all time low 15.6% 1990)
Versailles IL 
John Stencel** 
Olney Central College 
 
Marionville MO**
John Stencel** 
Olney Central College
 
Kenton TN** 
John Stencel** 
Olney Central College 
 
Wabasha MN
 John Stencel** 
Olney Central College 
.
 Montcello WI
John Stencel**
Olney Central College
Olney IL 62450
 
Westby WI 
John Stencel** 
Olney Central College
 
Louisville KY
 Bill Morison
University of Louisville 
 Low % on Belknap campus; observed since 1930's
Greenwood SC
Richard Fox
Lander College 
 Rare and sporadic since 1983
Tom Pendleton

(8 Nov 2009)

"I live in Queenstown on eastern shore and have been photographing white squirrels for yrs now. I am the unofficial white squirrel photographer of queenstown, my photos are hanging in the town offices and have been published numerous times.


http://www.whatsupmag.com/may07_es/cellar_es.shtml 

http://www.hometownannapolis.com/nat_whitesquirrel.html
Queenstown even uses one of my photos on its web page: http://www.queenstown-md.com/

I decided to photograph the white squirrels in my own yard which I had never done, (attached) the photos I took before were at different places in town, but I have been feeding the squirrels in my own yard for a few yrs now and have 6 to 8 white ones here all the time, so I decided to take some photos of them. These attached were all done the last 3 weeks.

As stated in the whatsupmag article these all have blue eyes and are all white, have never seen a spotted one in the hundreds I have seen here. Anyway since you published an article about them I thought you would be interested in knowing about Queenstown's White Squirrels.

Houghton MI

Curt Allred

(11 Feb 2010)

Here are some excerpts from Curt's comments:

There is an established white squirrel population found on and around the campus of Michigan Technological University in Houghton, Michigan. There are some reports that there have been white squirrels seen there since the 1930s, but that is not substantiated beyond anecdotal evidence. There's a Facebook account dedicated to these squirrels called "I've Seen the Albino Squirrel of Michigan Tech" where people post comments and photos of their encounters with the white squirrels.They're definitely albinos. You can see in the photos that they have pink eyes. Here is the photo page from that facebook group:
          http://www.facebook.com/photo_search.php?oid=2209193204&view=all

Richmond VA Effie Erhardt (29 March 2010) Pink eyes!  Many seen in and around the Presbyterian School of Christian Education and Union Theological Seminary.   Haven't seen since Hawks arrived in the area.years ago.

** Photos courtesy of Craig S. Thom (www.thom.org/gallery/squirrels.html)

2 Stencel, John E., Lynette Stencel Lamp, and Denise Stencel Gottfried. The Olney Albino Gray Squirrel: Research in the Community. Unpublished Manuscript.  Also see: Weekes, Bill. 1995. White Water, White Fur. The State: Down Home in North Carolina. Volume 62, No. 11(April): 24-28.

Isolated Sightings3
*  If Location is hypertexted click on it for photo.

Location
Contact/Source
Comment
Asheville NC (South) 
Joy Drake
Seen May 1998
but not since.
Asheville NC (North)
 
Merrimon Ave.
Asheville NC (West)   Enka/Candler Area including both S. of I-40 (Beaverdam) and also N. of I-40

Asheville NC (East)

Larry Davis

Same markings as Brevard.  Sighting along Azalea Road, about 100 yards south of the intersection of Azalea Road highway 70 not far from Blue Ridge Parkway

Polk County NC Jay Alexander Dark eyes and dorsal stripe similar to Brevard pattern.  One mile up Skyuka Mountain Rd.
(from Skyuka Rd.)
Columbus NC
Eric House
 
Tryon NC (30 May 2005) 4 on Red Fox Golf Course
Saluda NC Judy Wilkes (30 April 2005)  
Hickory NC Janet B. Sanders (9 November 2009)  
Winston-Salem  NC 
Julia Lambeth
Letter to Editor,
The State (Oct 95)
Charlotte NC
Kimberly Mays
Have seen 3 with dark eyes and beige/light pink fur
Ewing NC Julie Martin (12 August 2008) Cream color.
Raleigh NC Dale Tiska Brown eyes
Raleigh NC Sal Scarfone (20 June 2007) Dark eyes.
Aiken SC Michael H. Feeley (25 August 2008) Dark eyes.
Goose Creek SC Donna M. Ellington  (19 February 2009) Observed since November 2008.  Goose Creek is approximately 18 miles NW of Charleston and not far from a known colony listed above for Moncks Corner.
Goose Creek SC Dale Westerberg (3 February 2010) This sighting occured a couple hundred yards from the one above, yet unlike that one, it has the so-called "Brevard Markings" (See the image)
Johns Island SC Jimmy Mac (7 December 2009) Head patch and dorsal stripe.  This sighting is from approximately 20 miles to the S of the Goose Creek Sightings above and about 12 miles W of Charleston
Hampton SC Harry R. Hafer ~80 west of Charleston
Memphis TN Caleb J. Trent At least 4 in a single park.  Gene may be well established in local gene pool
Knoxville TN Carol Morgan (1 October 2009) White body. darrk tail (beginning ~1 inch from base.  Snout and eyes pigmented,
Sevierville TN Mike Blair  
 Ararat  VA
Barbara Bergeron  www.acnatsci.org/~bergeron/squirrel.html
 
 Suffolk  Va
Nick Huneycutt
 
Sterling VA   Dark Eyes

Henrico County VA

suburb of Richmond

Robert Meixner (11 October 2009)

Dark eyes.  Sighted adult few months ago. 

Now white "baby" shares nest with two gray squirrels.

Reston VA Diane P. (4 September 2007)  
 Washington  DC
Pam's Squirrel Rehabilation
 
Washington DC John Lockwood (Source: 6 May 2008 Transylvania Times) Some have gray tails
Washington DC Tim Ryan (8 November 2009) Franklin Park
Hyattsville MD Pat Boynton (4 November 2009)  
Bethesda MD    
Essex MD Steve Sears (13 November 2003) NE of Baltimore (21221)
Queenstown MD Diana Prentice (18 September 2007)  
Easton MD Janice Gnospelius (4 November 2009)  
Elkton MD Deborah L. Duff (16 Septembeer 2009) Dark eyes.  Two seen in abandoned building near Holly Hall Mansion and Big Elk Mall.
Bel Air MD Judy Eagle (11 November 2009)  
Hockessin  DE 
 Bill Precht
Dark eyes.
Gwynedd Valley PA
Wade Luquet
Campus of Gwynedd-Mercy College north of Philadelphia
Williams Township, a suburb of Easton PA Peter Broh (17 January 2008)l Tan on edge of tail..  Easton is near NJ border.
 Atlantic City NJ
Fred and Maria Dowd
 

Long Island NY

Suzan Kraus

Several; at least one albino.

Goshen NY Joan Benson (5 July 2007) 50 miles North of NY City.
Stillwater NY Jim Champlin (31 May 2005) 30 miles N. Albany.  15 miles N. of Troy where there is a reported colony.
Amherst NY
NE of Buffalo NY
Albany NY
(7 November 2009)
 
Andover MA Jennie Reid (5 July 2007) A friend saw a similar squirrel in Billerica, 12 miles from Andover
Andover MA Mary Ruth Koogler (14 August 2008) Clark Street.
Cambridge MA Micahel Mersic (13 October 2007)  
Boston MA
(Jamaica Pond)
Michael Wofsey (29 September 2007) Albino (red eyes)
Boston MA Margot Sprague (12 October 2007) Apparently albino (red eyes)
Boston (Charles River Park) Walter Blake (9 September 2007)  
Shrewsbury, MA
Carolann and Gary Tebbetts
Dark eyes.
Groton MA
Rita Wahlen
 Lebanon CT 
Karen and Stephen Davis
 
Stratford CT John Kazub 2-3 with Dark eyes.

Westbrook CT

Denise Hussey

 
Guilford CT
Dean Bonanno (8 November 2009)

Albino with distinctive red eyes.

East of Lake Quonnipaug

Rutland VT Stephen Wolf (14 September 2007)  
Salem NH Mike Veach (17 October 2009) Two white squirrels along with a gray squirrel.
Dearborn MI Neva Langwell  
 Bowling Green OH
 John Psurny
 
Columbus OH
Courtney Eisel
Dark eyes.
Beaver Creek OH Lisa Norwell (14 June 2007)  

Sharonville OH

Mike Bailo

near Cincinnati  10/09/04

St. Clairsville OH
Mary Lee Mills (11 October 2009)
 

Belvidere, IL

Bruce Gunn

 3 gray squirrels w/white tails
(gray at base for ~ 1 inch)

Elgin IL Ben Burch Dark eyes.  Folklore is that once were numerous but hunted for pelts.
Sterling IL Mark Potter (25 June 2007) With brown feet.
Colona IL Cody Sullivan  (10 November 2009)  
Burlington IL Willie Kanies (3 November 2009)  
Shawnee KS
Maureen Elton
~15 miles SW of 
Kansas City MO
DeForest WI Heather Martindale Saw two together. 
20 miles W of Madison
Somerset WI Craig McConaughey (20 August 2007) Dark eyes.  Click here for pics.
Eau Claire WI Nathan J. Reid (12 October 2009)  
Barnesville MN Kelli Glynn ~25 miles from Fargo ND
Bloomington MN Fran Larson  
Raytown MO
Peggy Lawrey
Near Kansas City.
Dark eyes, gray head markings
Hermitage AR
Ed Garrett
Dark eyes. 
Pink tinge to fur.  Southeast Arkansas.
West Fork AR J. Delap Jaynes (15 February 2005)  
Gadsden AL K. Chavers (23 June 2004) Dark eyes
West Palm Beach FL
Sandy DeRose
Tampa FL
Carl H. Whaley (10 November 2009)
Arcadia FL
Susan
Albino S of Tampa
Daytona Beach FL Jim Haug (10 April 2008)  
Jacksonville FL Michael Alexander (23 March 2008)  
Belleview FL
Patricia O'Coin
Near Ocala in northcentral FL.
Dark eyes but no markings
Decatur GA
Tracey Harting
Dark eyes.
Bryron GA Joel Daughtry Dark eyes.  Byron is just S of Macon.
Gainesville GA Joy Clayton Dark eyes.
Between Gainesville and Dawsonville
N.E. of Atlanta
Gainesville GA Courtney Orme (14 August 2008)  
Savannah GA   Park off Victory Drive
Habersham County Ga Bob Justus (2 November 2009) Dark eyes.  Seem to be expanding in area and numbers  .5 miles north of Clarksvill
Toronto Ontario Chris Davie (14 November 2003) North of Toronto.  Pure white.
Sanderstead Surrey England Dave Halliday (13 November 2003) Didn't confirm that it was an introduced gray squirrel.  Could be a native red squirrel
Portsmouth England Trevor Williams (10 October 2009) Albino with pink eyes.

3 This is not meant to be an exhaustive list.  This simply represents sightings that have come my way for one reason or another.  I expect that eventually they will demonstrate that random mutations generating albino individuals occur regularly throughout the range of the Eastern Gray Squirrel but that they rarely establish a colony unless afforded special protection.  It is also expected that while the appearance of albinos is a regular event, the white color morphs (with localized pigmentation) are relatively rare.  Robert R. Glesener
 
 

Isolated WhiteFox Squirrels3
*  If Location is hypertexted click on it for photo.


Location
Contact/Source
Comment
Beaver Falls PA
Bill Kelly
Observed periodically of over last 20 years. Tail is grayish.
3 orange pups observed 3 years ago.
Lewistown IL
Kim Dunnigan
 Two on the grounds of Dickson Mounds Museum, a rural on-site archaeological branch of the Illinois State Museum. Third spotted nearby.
Pendleton IN
Mike Dotson (16 September 2009)
Observed number of indiviiduals white when young but gradually turned red with tail being last to turn.

3 This is not meant to be an exhaustive list.  This simply represents sightings that have come my way for one reason or another.  I expect that eventually they will demonstrate that random mutations generating albino individuals occur regularly throughout the range of the Fox Squirrel but that they rarely establish a colony unless afforded special protection.  It is also expected that while the appearance of albinos is a regular event, the white color morphs (with localized pigmentation) are relatively rare.  Robert R. Glesener

Isolated White Red Squirrels3
*  If Location is hypertexted click on it for photo.


Location
Contact/Source
Comment
Utica NY
Marion
 Litter of four consists of 2 normal boomers and 2 white with dark eyes. 
One has reddish markings on tail..
Vineland Ontario Dick Ballinger Looks more like a red than gray squirrel but not sure.  Vineland is on the Niagara peninsula about 25 kilometers west of the Falls.

3 This is not meant to be an exhaustive list.  This simply represents sightings that have come my way for one reason or another.  I expect that eventually they will demonstrate that random mutations generating albino individuals occur regularly throughout the range of the Red Squirrel but that they rarely establish a colony unless afforded special protection.  It is also expected that while the appearance of albinos is a regular event, the white color morphs (with localized pigmentation) are relatively rare.  Robert R. Glesener
 
 

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